What are Nursing Paradigms?

Nursing paradigms are basically philosophical and theoretical frameworks base on nursing discipline within which theories, laws, and generalizations and the experiments performed in support of them are formulated.

Nursing Paradigms are patterns or models used to show a clear relationship among the existing theoretical works in nursing. They have been considered essential in describing the parameters of the profession. The paradigm of nursing consists of four major concepts known as the Metaparadigms of Nursing: individual, environment, health and nursing.


  • Person – The recipient of nursing care like individuals, families and communities
  • Environment – The external and internal aspects of life that influence the person
  • Health – the holistic level of wellness of a person
  • Nursing/Caring – the interventions of the nurse

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